Testing redux reducers

March 3 2017

A coworker asked me to write up an article detailing testing Redux Reducers. Writing tests for reducers is pretty straight forward. The examples here are using ava. I'm also using reduxsauce to quickly produce action types and creators, and an immutability helper.

Error Reducer

From this reducer you can see that there are two action types we'll be wanting to test as well as the initial state of the reducer. The ERROR_RECEIVE type has a creator that will dispatch the action with an expected array of strings called errors. The ERROR_CLEAR type will update the state such that errors is an empty array.

import update from 'immutability-helper';
import { createReducer } from 'reduxsauce';

import { Types } from 'src/actions';

export const INITIAL_STATE = {
  errors: [],
};

export const HANDLERS = {
  [Types.ERROR_RECEIVE]: (state = INITIAL_STATE, action) =>
    update(state, {
      $merge: { errors: action.errors },
    }),
  [Types.ERROR_CLEAR]: (state = INITIAL_STATE, action) =>
    update(state, {
      $merge: { errors: [] },
    }),
};

export default createReducer(INITIAL_STATE, HANDLERS);

The Initial State Test

We'll start by importing the necessary packages, etc.

import test from 'ava';

import reducer, { INITIAL_STATE } from 'src/reducers/error';
import { Creators } from 'src/actions';

To test the initial state matches our expected state we will grab the initial state and pass it through the imported reducer.

test('initial state', t => {
  t.deepEqual(INITIAL_STATE, reducer(INITIAL_STATE, {}));
});

Testing the Action Creators

Now we want to test our ERROR_RECEIVE action type. To do this we create a mock set of errors we want to pass to our action creator .errorReceive, and specifically call that creator as the action to the reducer. Here we're actually faciliating part of the middleware execution that would happen in the Store.

We deep equal check that the state matches the object we're expecting.

test('dispatch ERROR_RECEIVE', t => {
  let state = reducer(INITIAL_STATE, {});

  const errors = ['Woah There!'];
  state = reducer(state, Creators.errorReceive(errors));

  t.deepEqual(state, {
    errors: errors,
  });
});

The same is true for testing ERROR_CLEAR.

test('dispatch ERROR_CLEAR', t => {
  let state = reducer(INITIAL_STATE, {});

  state = reducer(state, Creators.errorClear());

  t.deepEqual(state, {
    errors: [],
  });
});

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